6.2 The Arabian Peninsula

Explore the physiographic and cultural attributes of the Arabian Peninsula. 

  • Describe the physical characteristics of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Understand the physiographic factors that affect the countries located on the Arabian Peninsula.

Where is the Arabian Peninsula located?

Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, The Arabian Peninsula, and explore the map.

Step 2: With the Details button underlined, click the button, Show Contents. 

  • Which continents surround and include the Arabian Peninsula? 

What are the physical characteristics of the Arabian Peninsula?

Step 3:

  • Uncheck the box to the left of the layer name, Continents. Zoom in and click several different colors of the peninsula.
  • Where on the Arabian Peninsula are there more mountains? 

Step 4: Turn on the layer, Water Bodies. Click the layer name.

Step 5: Click the WAter Bodies sub-layer name, and then click the Show Legend button.

Step 6: Pan and zoom the map to view the water bodies on the Arabian Peninsula.

  • What types of water bodies are on the Arabian Peninsula?

Step 7: Zoom in until the Springs and Streams layer names are not grayed out, and then turn on the layers.

  • Where on the Arabian Peninsula is there no water at all?
  • Mountains and areas of higher elevation have more surface water. (T/F)

What type of land makes up the Arabian Peninsula?

Step 8: Turn off the layers, Water Bodies, Springs, and STreams. 

Step 9: Turn on the layer, Annual Rainfall. View its legend. 

One inch is equal to 25.4 millimeters. A desert is defined as a place that gets fewer than 10 inches of rain per year. 

  • How many millimeters is equal to 10 inches?
  • Approximately what percentage of the Arabian Peninsula is desert?

What are the temperature ranges on the Arabian Peninsula?

Step 10: Turn off the layer, Annual Precipitation.

Step 11: Turn on the layer, Temp: Sept-Nov. View its legend. 

Step 12: Turn the temperature layers on and off one at a time to see the changes in temperature on the Arabian Peninsula through the four seasons. (Remember, click each layer name and view its legend.)

  • What is the approximate range of temperatures across the Arabian Peninsula during the hottest season? 

Where would the most habitable land on the Arabian Peninsula be?

Step 13: Turn on the layer, Ecozones.

  • The limited zones of temperate grassland on the Arabian Peninsula are found in the mountains, where there is more precipitation, and milder temperatures. (T/F)

Based on the map, the regions with the best habitat characteristics are the grassland ecosystems, areas with greater than 500 mm/20 inches of annual precipitation, and areas with access to permanent bodies of water or springs.


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Applied World Regional Geography by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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